Blueberries homeland- North America. This country has greatest plantation areas, which are bigger than 25,000 hectares.
Blueberrys are one of the most valuable berries, rich in vitamines A, C, E, folic acid, antioxidants, micro (iron, copper, manganese, zinc, boron) and macronutrients (nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium). According to the beta-carotene content blueberries are equivalent to soya berries, green peas or curd, with thiamine (B1) content these berries are equivalent to beets, pears, blackcurrants, riboflavin (B2) – buckthorn, lemons or blackcurrants, niacin (PP) – blackcurrants.
In addition to the above-mentioned materials, berries content average: 9.17% inverted sugar; 0,91% sucrose ; 10.08% sugar; 14.2% soluble solids ; 11.1% Vitamin C; 0.57% organic acids; 15.3%.solids.
This is a natural protection from tumor pathogens. Certain compounds are reducing bad cholesterol and helps to produce good one. This reduces cardiovascular disease and stroke risk, sclerosis changes or obesity development. For these protections help important phytoestrogens – vegetable hormones.
Berries protects against urinary tract infections and reduce the risk of infection. Certain biologically active compounds prevent bacteria which attacks healthy cells, covering the walls of the urinary tract.
Valuable anthocyanins accumulated in blueberries, strengthens vision and reduce eye fatigue. These compounds are quite stable and there is no significant change in their amount while storage changes from +2 C0 to +17 C0.